Child pornography is illegal and carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison. Amendments to the Penal Code adopted in 2017 criminalize commercial sexual exploitation of children and participation in or use, distribution and storage of sexual exploitation material involving children, as well as certain forms of internal child trafficking. In the country, girls and boys are exploited for prostitution and sexual slavery. International child abduction: The country is not a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. See the U.S. Department of State`s annual report on international parental child abduction in travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/International-Parental-Child-Abduction/for-providers/legal-reports-and-data.html. `legal representative` means a person authorised to practise as a lawyer or lawyer in Solomon Islands; The government has not allocated sufficient resources to enforce laws to protect children from sexual abuse, child labor, and neglect (see section 7.c). The law criminalizes domestic violence, including violence against children, but there has been a lack of public awareness and enforcement. Sexual and physical abuse of children remained a significant problem. Nevertheless, the traditional extended family system generally respects and protects children based on the family`s financial resources and access to services. “Sodomy” is illegal, as are “indecent same-sex practices.” The maximum penalty for the former is 14 years` imprisonment and for the latter is five years` imprisonment. During the year, no arrests or prosecutions were reported against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender or intersex people under these provisions, and the authorities generally failed to enforce these laws.
The government did not restrict or disrupt internet access and censor online content, and there were no credible reports that the government was monitoring private online communications without proper legal authorization. Internet was available and widespread in urban areas, even though 78% of the country`s population lived in rural areas. Despite some improvements in access in rural areas, most rural residents did not have access to the Internet. About 11% of the population used the internet in 2017. The Solomon Islands Judiciary is a branch of the Government of Solomon Islands that interprets and applies the laws of Solomon Islands to ensure equal justice before the law and to provide a dispute resolution mechanism. The legal system derives from Chapter VII, Part II of the Constitution, which was adopted in 1978 when the country became independent from the United Kingdom. The Constitution provides for the establishment of a Supreme Court with jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters and a Court of Appeal. It also provided for the possibility of “subordinate courts”, without further specification (art. 84).  Government enforcement was uneven; The low penalties were not sufficient to deter violations. The sanction for anti-union discrimination, for example, was not effective because employers could afford to pay the fine and easily replace workers. Sanctions for illegal strikes, on the other hand, deterred workers from striking.
Australian legal advisers from the Department of Justice and Legal Affairs helped build the capacity of government lawyers and reduce the backlog. The country has more than 27 large islands with about 70 language groups. Many islanders saw themselves first as members of a clan, then as inhabitants of their native island and only thirdly as citizens of their nation. Tensions and resentment between Guadalcanalese and Malaites on Guadalcanal culminated in violence beginning in 1998. Reconciliation ceremonies throughout the year further reduced tensions between the two groups. However, fundamental issues remain between the two groups, including issues related to employment and land rights. The Asset Management Service is responsible for reviewing and assessing the department`s infrastructure needs and preparing infrastructure proposals. In addition, they acquire, maintain and modernize facilities and premises in accordance with departmental and Agency plans. They also manage projects and facilitate procurement in accordance with public financial management systems and processes.
Sexual harassment: Sexual harassment is not illegal and is a widespread problem. Rules governing the admission of lawyers to the profession of lawyer in any of these capacities, or the fixing, affecting the level of fees or their recovery, shall enter into force only if they have been approved by Parliament before or after their adoption. The law provides for the right of workers to form and join trade unions, to strike legally and to bargain collectively. The law prohibits anti-union discrimination, but does not explicitly provide for the reinstatement of workers dismissed for trade union activities. The law allows strikes in both the public and private sectors. 28 days` notice to the government before a strike is required for strikes to be legal. The government prohibits strikes by civil servants in essential services, but procedures are in place to ensure due process for these workers and protect their rights. The government defines essential services as encompassing, but not limited to, health, public safety, aviation, marine, immigration and disaster relief. The law does not provide for the rights of association or collective bargaining of workers in the informal sector. The Office of the Public Advocate (PSO) is an independent public body established under the Constitution of Solomon Islands to provide legal assistance, advice and assistance to those in need. Child sexual exploitation: The minimum age for consensual sexual relations is 15.
The maximum penalty for sexual intercourse with a girl under the age of 13 is life imprisonment, and for sexual intercourse with a girl between the ages of 13 and 15, the penalty is five years` imprisonment.